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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗菱(2001)。國際觀光旅館餐飲外場服務人員應具備專業能力之分析研究。(博士論文,師範大學,2001)。全國博碩士資訊網,089NTNU0261007。
  2. 李怡陵(2006)。從休閒需求、利益區隔探討PUB消費行為之研究-以台南市PUB為例。(碩士論文,高雄餐旅學院,2006)。全國博碩士資訊網,094NKHC7720016。
  3. 吳克祥、范建強(1998)。PUB經營與管理。台北:百通。
  4. 吳碧華(2001)。餐飲連鎖店經理專業能力分析之研究。(碩士論文,台灣師範大學,2001)。全國博碩士資訊網,098NTNU0261017。
  5. 吳逸驊(1997)。高雄市PUB的休閒經驗之研究。(碩士論文,高雄醫學院,1997)。全國博碩士資訊網,085KMC00152001。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李瓔(2013)。高雄市Talking Bar消費體驗與顧客滿意之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-100。 
  2. dothuhang(2013)。越南高職餐飲管理科學生 專業能力與學習滿意度相關之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。 
  3. 陳宜謙(2017)。房仲業顧客滿意度之研究-共同創造價值的觀點。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2017。1-92。
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