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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍瑞瑜(2005)國小口吃兒童與一般兒童溝通態度、溝通焦慮與學校適應之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。屏東教育大學,屏東。
  2. 吳武忠、江珮瑜(2003)。高職餐飲管理科建教合作生自我概念與實習機構社會適應關係之研究。觀光研究學報,9(1),91-106。
  3. 吳承翰(2013)。臺北市國高中職學生生活壓力及同儕支持對內外向偏差行為之影響:現實支持與網路支持效果之差異(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北大學,臺北。
  4. 李金治、陳政友(2004)。國立臺灣師範大學四年級學生生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其身心健康之相關研究。學校衛生,44,1-31。
  5. 林伯賢、鄭增財(2001)。實用技能班學生的價值觀與學習行為及其相關家庭因素之研究。藝術學報,68,17-32。
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