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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何春蕤(1994)。台灣的麥當勞化:跨國服務業資本的文化邏輯。台灣社會研究季刊,第16期,1-20。收錄於身分認同與公共文化︰文化研究論文集,陳清僑編,香港︰牛津大學出版社,1997。
  2. 汪志堅(2009)。消費者行為。台北市:全華圖書。
  3. 余舜德(2006)。夜市小吃的傳統與台灣社會。原文刊登於第九屆中國飲食文化學術研討會論文集(頁119-134)。台北:財團法人中華飲食文化基金會出版。
  4. 周勝方、洪久賢(2011)。從「吃飽沒?」到「好吃嘸?」-台灣飲食文化變遷與發展之探析。第十二屆中華飲食文化學術研討會論文集(頁525-556)。台北:財團法人中華飲食文化基金會出版。
  5. 林致信(2004)。台灣夜市餐飲文化之探討。載於國立高雄餐旅學院林致信彙編,2004關懷鄉土飲食文化紀錄研討會—夜市小吃論文集夜市飲食文化論文集(頁72-95)。高雄:國立高雄餐旅學院。
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