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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alfred Adler,黃光國譯(1996)。自卑與超越。臺北:志文。
  2. 曲黎敏、鄭婷宜、葉翹(2009)。中藥材食療事典。臺北:康鑑文化編輯部。
  3. 江漢聲(1999)。男性性功能障礙病人治療的最新趨勢。護理雜誌,45(5),22-27。
  4. 江漢聲、江萬瑄(1982)。中國傳統社會文化背景中的性無能。當代醫學雜誌,10(5),31-37。
  5. 李亦園(1993)。中國飲食文化的理論基礎與研究課題─中國飲食文化研討會專題演講。載於徐小虎、陳麗宇主編,第一屆中國飲食文化學術研討會論文集(頁1-11)。臺北:財團法人中國飲食文化基金會。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗雯(2014)。「見黑即補」論臺灣烏骨雞食補文化。高雄餐旅大學台灣飲食文化產業研究所學位論文。2014。1-169。 
  2. 張實紘(2013)。手工巧克力在台灣的現況與發展。高雄餐旅大學台灣飲食文化產業研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。
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