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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. McKercher, B.& Hilairy du Cros.(2010)劉以德譯。《文化觀光:觀光與文化遺產管理》(Cultural Tourism:The Partnership between Tourism and Cultural Heritage Management )。台北:桂魯出版。
  2. 林文源(2007)。〈論行動者網絡理論的行動本體論〉。《科技醫療與社會》,4,65-108。
  3. 孫樹根、劉乃華(2007)。〈台灣鄉村地區「造節運動」現象之研究-農產品銷售事件為例〉《農業推廣學報》,22,1-20。
  4. 張雅蘭(2011)。〈綠化日常論芭芭拉˙金索夫在《自耕自食˙奇蹟的一年》中的生態實踐與永續安居〉。《英美文學評論》,18(2011/06),195-225。
  5. 黃賢喜、韓青梅(1994)。《芋》。高雄區農業改良場。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫樣涵(2011)。從實質選擇權觀點分析消費者遞延購買易逝性高科技產品之行為: 以4G手機為例。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。 
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