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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. (*除梁漱溟著作外,概依作者姓氏筆畫排列)
  3. 一、梁漱溟著作
  4. 梁漱溟,《梁漱溟全集》,濟南:山東人民出版社,1985。
  5. 梁漱溟,《東西文化及其哲學》,臺北:里仁書局,1990。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇鴻昌(2016)。與農共創:永續農特產品包裝設計之實踐研究。中原大學設計學博士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-232。 
  2. 蘇鴻昌(2009)。臺灣米禮盒包裝設計策略之研究。臺中科技大學商業設計系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-252。 
  3. 陳冠宇(2015)。探討消費者對廚具的色彩喜好。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-66。 
  4. 郭吉助(2012)。檢察官客觀性義務之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-409。 
  5. 王綺蓮(2008)。臺北縣小學舞龍隊之研究。臺北大學古典文獻與民俗藝術研究所民俗藝術組學位論文。2008。1-228。
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