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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文書目
  2. 內政部統計處(2006)。94年兒童及少年保護執行概況。Web address:
  3. 內政部統計處(2006)。94年初婚與再婚者統計。Web address:
  4. 內政部統計處(2006)。低收入戶戶數及人數。Web address:
  5. 內政部統計處(2006)。身心障礙者人數。Web address:
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李旻昱(2008)。高風險兒童少年風險產生及降低之影響因素與歷程。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2008。1-235。 
  2. 陳慧珊(2008)。大學生親職化現象、個體化程度與身心健康指標之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2008。1-140。
  3. 陳華如(2010)。台南市長期照護家庭與一般家庭國中生生活壓力ˋ韌力與生活適應之探討。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2010。1-126。
  4. 蔡維濬(2012)。高風險家庭處遇的督導模式與工作成效之探討。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2012。1-246。
  5. 李曉嵐(2013)。經濟衰退下家庭生活及親子互動之探討。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-164。
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