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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁邦新、張雙慶編:《閩語研究及其與周邊方言的關係》,香港:香港中文大學,2002。
  2. 丁邦新主編:《歷史層次與方言研究》,上海:上海教育出版社,2007。
  3. 丁邦新:〈從特字看吳閩關係〉,收錄於丁邦新、張雙慶編:《閩語研究及其與周邊方言的關係》,香港:香港中文大學,2002。
  4. 丁邦新:〈漢語方言區分的條件〉,《清華學報》新14卷1、2期,1982年。
  5. 丁邦新:〈吳語中的閩語成分〉,《中央研究院歷史語言所集刊》第59本第1分,李方桂先生記念論文集,1988年3月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顧晉豪(2017)。建構小腦萎縮症患者的社會支持網絡評估工具。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-93。
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