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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 一、中文部份
  3. 內政部(2001)。志願服務法。2008年12月19日,取自:。
  4. 內政部(2002)。推動志服務成果報告彙編。台北市:內政部出版。
  5. 內政部(2008a)。97年第14週內政統計通報。2008年12月19日,取自:
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 華安綺(2012)。古建築營運志工運作模式發展:撫臺街洋樓個案研究。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-104。 
  2. 黃美銀(2013)。文化志工參與動機、工作投入、工作滿足與終身學習能力之關聯性研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  3. 陳柏均(2010)。重度工作負荷下不同環境溫度與最大允許工作時間關係之研究。朝陽科技大學營建工程系學位論文。2010。1-71。
  4. 廖文琴(2010)。學校志工認真休閒特質與休閒效益之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-117。
  5. 張穎華(2010)。博物館志工推廣幼兒教育活動之轉化學習研究─ 以國立臺灣博物館為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2010。1-166。
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