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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁井瑞 (2012),蔬菜價格異常波動問題研究,安徽財經大學國際經濟貿易碩士學位論文。
  2. 丁建卿 (2013),國內芒果運銷體系與銷售環境介紹,提昇臺灣芒果產業價值鏈研討會專刊。
  3. 辛宜珊 (2002),商品鏈結─台灣果菜運銷制度與市場經營型態之研究,國立台北師範學院社會科教育學系社會科學組專題研究報告。
  4. 李仁耀、林啟淵和張呈徽 (2012),台灣重要蔬菜傳遞之研究,農業與經濟期刊,四十九期,1-36頁。
  5. 李仁耀、林啟淵和張呈徽 (2012),國內飼料玉米專業進口商的合作與競爭,應用經濟論叢,九十二期。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 程汶葦(2010)。2008北京奧運報紙專刊之廣告內容分析。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-123。
  2. 林沂臻(2017)。應用希爾伯特-黃轉換法於菜價預測探討。中山醫學大學醫學資訊學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-62。
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