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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 中文部份
  3. 五農會刊,第55期,民國82年9月1日第一版;第64期,民國83年6月1日,第一版。
  4. 尹章義(1997)。五股志。頁305,307-308,321-324。
  5. 方淑寬(2006)。國小學童個人因素、父母管教方式及級任教師領導行為對學校生活適應之探討-以台北縣雙和區外籍配偶子女為例。未出版碩士論文,銘傳大學教育研究所碩士在職專班,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林承億(2013)。一位國中資源班新住民學生自我概念探究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-144。
  2. 洪惠慈(2013)。新住民家庭環境與兒童社會能力之研究。樹德科技大學幼兒保育系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-145。
  3. 張聰彬(2014)。高雄市國小中高年級新住民學童家庭教養型態、電腦自我效能與資訊素養關係之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-115。
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