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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文部分
  2. 內政部統計月報(2007年4月)。現住人口按三段、六歲年齡組分。臺北市:內政部。2007年5月21日,取自
  3. 王淳盈 (2005)。社會支持與控制信念對花蓮縣吉安鄉東昌村阿美族與漢族老人之生活滿意度的影響。慈濟大學原住民健康研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮市。
  4. 王惠直 (2004)。台北縣國民小學護理人員電腦素養及其相關因素研究。國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 白靜芳 (2002)。農家老人社會支持對其生活滿意度之影響研究。國立台灣大學農業推廣學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭宇閎(2013)。台灣地區身心障礙者電腦與網路使用之探討。中山醫學大學醫學資訊學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-82。 
  2. 林苑平(2008)。新移民女性電腦增能學習方案研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-163。 
  3. 劉芸如(2012)。中高齡者電子郵件介面之使用性研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-115。
  4. 劉豐嘉(2012)。以問題導向評估銀髮族使用電腦之資訊系統需求研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-63。
  5. 陳君豪(2012)。高齡者電腦應用學習經驗之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2012。1-164。
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