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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王勇智、鄧明宇(譯)(2003)。敘說分析 : 研究與方法(原作者:Riessman, C. K.)。台北市: 五南。
  2. 朱侃如(譯)(2008)。為什麼要自殺?(原作者:Joiner, T.)。台北縣:立緒文化。
  3. 自殺遺孤編輯委員會(2003)。說不出是自殺 (陳寶蓮譯)。台北:先覺。
  4. 余德慧、李宗燁 (2003)。生命史學。台北市:心靈工坊。
  5. 吳芝儀(譯)(2008)。敘事研究:閱讀、分析與詮釋(原作者:Lieblich, A., RivkaTuval-Mashiach, & Zilber, T.)。嘉義市:濤石文化。
Times Cited (102) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃健哲(2013)。3D遊戲應用於國小等高線學習之發展與設計。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-129。 
  2. 胡晉森(2010)。台北市私立高級職業學校創新經營策略之個案研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-116。 
  3. 陳麗雯(2011)。台灣海洋運動政策中的綠色議題探討:以墾丁地區為個案研究。中興大學運動與健康管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-144。 
  4. 郭立仁(2011)。身體構圖融入跆拳道教學之行動研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-235。 
  5. 陳啟正(2008)。國小游泳池委外經營與顧客滿意度之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2008。1-115。 
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