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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳蓮 (2006) 。科學探究活動中國小五年級學童科學解釋能力及認識論之研究。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 徐椿樑 (2001) 。鷹架學習理論在專業技術教學的成效分析之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 黃文吟 (2000) 。從高中學生解釋物理現象的表徵與評價探討其概念架構與認識取向。彰化師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。
  4. 謝州恩 (2004) 。 探究情境中國小學童科學解釋能力成長之研究。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. Bass, J. E., & Maddux, C. D. (1982). Scientific explanations and Piagetian operational levels. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 19(7), 533-541.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 阮惠嵐(2007)。應用電腦輔助學習鷹架於國中自然與生活科技之學習成效與態度探討:以單元「力」為例。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2007。1-92。
  2. 賴韻如(2009)。鷹架式探究課程對學生心智模式和科學解釋之影響:以板塊構造學說為例。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2009。1-178。
  3. 許瑋琇(2010)。鷹架式探究課程對高中生探究能力之影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2010。1-151。
  4. 黃卉珍(2012)。探討雙重鷹架在多重表徵的動態幾何環境中對解題過程之影響-以二元一次方程式為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-123。
  5. 翁雪芳(2013)。以科學新聞發展國中生的科學解釋實務。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-197。
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