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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何福田、羅瑞玉(1992)。教育改革與教師專業化。載於中華民國師範教育學會(主編)。教育專業。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 余曉清、連文惠、蘇蘭雅 (2000)。中等學校實習教師知反省式科學教學行動研究。科學教育學刊,8(3),273-286。
  3. 吳清山 (2003)。教育法規理論與實務。台北:心理。
  4. 李春芳(1992)。國立師範大學結業生實習輔導實施情形調查研究。台北市:國立台灣師範大學教育研究中心。
  5. 林琦鴻(2006)。高雄市國民中學體育教師學習動機與專業成長需求之研究。國立台灣師範大學體育系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明道(2012)。支援實習教師學習與工作的行動學習系統之介面設計與評鑑。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-91。 
  2. 林千卉(2011)。我國不同師資培育畢業生在國民中學 教師專業表現之比較研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-180。 
  3. 廖晧圭(2012)。臺中市國民小學教師知識分享與專業成長關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2012。1-114。 
  4. 方玉婷(2007)。臺灣地區公立國民中學體育組長工作壓力與工作滿意關係之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-175。
  5. 張淑娟(2009)。不同教師資格檢定制度對初任教師專業能力影響之研究─以臺北縣市公立高職教師為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2009。1-131。
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