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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 205 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱文彬(2004)。大學生辯証性思考與成熟人際關係發展整體關聯之研究:必要非充要。師大學報,49(2),133-160。
  2. 周立勳、洪美齡、甄曉蘭(2003)。國小教師社會科教學信念及其相關因素之探討。教育研究資訊,11(4),25-26。
  3. 胡幼慧(1996)。質性研究。台北市:巨流圖書。
  4. 洪久賢、黃鳳雀(1996)。國中家政實施批判思考教學之策略。中等教育,47(5),3-18。
  5. 洪久賢、蔡長艷、周淑玲(1999)。家政科批判思考教學實施成效之評估研究(I)。課程與教學,2(1),103-124。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊智凱(2013)。批判性思考之教材發展與評鑑—以媒體素養單元為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-116。 
  2. 顏鳳如(2008)。生死教育之批判性思考教學對國中生自我概念及生命意義感之成效。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-150。
  3. 江碧蓉(2010)。國中歷史科之批判思考教學實驗。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-195。
  4. 許睿元(2012)。「行動-反思」學習於體育系籃球課之應用─學生批判思考探究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-128。
  5. 莊瓊瑩(2016)。影片融入教學對學習動機與學習成效之研究-以國小六年級社會學習領域為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-70。
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