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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王業立、楊瑞芬(2001),〈民意調查與政黨提名:1998年民進黨立委提名與選舉結果的個案研究〉;《選舉研究期刊》;第8卷第2期,頁1?7,台北:國立政治大學選舉研究中心。
  2. 許勝懋(2001),〈台北市選民的分裂投票行為:1998年市長選舉分析〉,《選舉研究期刊》,第8卷第1期,頁115?121,台北:國立政治大學選舉研究中心。
  3. 張卿卿(2002),〈競選媒體使用對選民競選議題知識與政治效能感的影響-以兩千年總統大選為例〉,《選舉研究期刊》,第9卷第1期,頁1?6,台北:國立政治大學選舉研究中心。
  4. 游清鑫(1999),〈競選策略的個案研究: 1998年民進黨台北市第二選區立法委員選舉的觀察〉,《選舉研究期刊》,第6卷第2期,頁149?158,台北:國立政治大學選舉研究中心。(1996),〈選舉制度、選舉競爭與競選策略:84年北市第二選區立委選舉策略之個案研究〉,《選舉研究期刊》,第3卷第1期,頁130?137,台北:國立政治大學選舉研究中心。
  5. 聯合報記者連線報導(2001年11月20日),〈候選人如熱鍋蟻,狂唸「急急」如律令〉,《聯合晚報》4版。
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