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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王盈文,楊美華(2006,12月)。圖書?部?格之發展與應用探析。圖書與資訊學刊,56,58-73。
  2. 朱瀅潔(2006)。專案知識管理之個案研究,未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,台北市。
  3. 洪淑芬(2005,12月)。部落格(blog)之特質與發展現況-應用於圖書館服務之探討。國家圖書館館刊,94(2),27-71。
  4. 陳佳香(2006)。水產研究人員隱性知識分享之研究,未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所,台北市。
  5. 陳雪華、邱子恆(2003,6月)。臺灣地區工商圖書館員工作環境與角色變遷之研究。圖書資訊學刊,1(1),1-24。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃靖雯(2014)。有「酒」食,先生「釀」? 研究單位在台灣水果酒業技術發展中的角色。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2014。1-105。 
  2. 曹建文(2012)。農民農業知識分享與移轉:一個農業產銷班之個案研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2012。1-206。
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