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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳瀅巧(2006)。圖解文化研究。台北市:城邦文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. Carspecken, Phil Francis. (1996). Critical Ethnography in Educational Research: A Theoretical and Practical Guide. 鄭同僚審訂(2003)。教育研究的批判民俗誌─理論與實務指南。台北市:高等教育文化事業有限公司。
  3. Ausubel, David A. (1968). Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
  4. Ayers, William. (2001). To Teach: The Journey of A Teacher (2nd ed.). Teachers College, Columbia University.
  5. Baratz, S. S., & Baratz, J. C. (1970). Early Childhood Intervention: The Social Science Base for Institutional Racism. Harvard Educational Review, 40(1), 29-50.
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周盈萱(2016)。從韓國文化價值觀探討韓籍大專生學習漢語動機以促進其自律學習研究。中原大學應用華語文學系學位論文。2016。1-129。 
  2. 陳汶思(2014)。馬來西亞華語之研究——以檳城為例。中原大學應用華語文學系學位論文。2014。1-158。 
  3. 黃依萍(2007)。全球化流動現象下跨文化教師身分認同之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2007。1-230。
  4. 侯詩瑜(2009)。國語日報華語教師文化教學現況調查與研討。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2009。1-170。
  5. 陳 玲(2010)。泰國漢語教學課室經營之探討-以曼谷某高中為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-182。
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