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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吉田章(2004)。日本營隊經營管理之現狀。運動與休閒營隊經營與管理國際學術研討會研討手冊(頁101-107)。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學體育研究與發展中心。
  2. 吳崇旗、謝智謀(2003)。淺談青少年休閒營隊活動籌辦之考慮因素與策略應用-「產品屬性」及「休閒阻礙」的觀點。大專體育,64,48-54。
  3. 呂金螢(1999)。八十八年寒假體育育樂營之調查─以臺東師院為例。大專體育,48,82-89。
  4. 巫慧萍(2000)。臺北市中小學體育育樂營實施現況及阻礙因素之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 李玉琳(2004)。母親對兒童參與舞蹈活動的期望價信念的影響。。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣體育學院,台中市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李榮晉(2007)。運動夏令營活動指導員專業能力之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-191。
  2. 李君惠(2010)。青少年運動夏令營主辦單位對指導員與輔導員專業能力重視程度差異之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-150。
  3. 黃東烱(2013)。國民中學學生課後輔導參與之研究─以臺中縣立國民中學為例。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-129。
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