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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡志鋒(2005)。大專甲組桌球雙打技術分析-以93年全國大專校院運動會為例。國?台灣師範大學體育學系碩士?文,台北市。
  2. 姚漢禱、蔡漢隆(1986)。我國少年桌球選手技術成績表現和經驗、體格、體能相關之探討。體育學報,8,77-84。
  3. 姚漢禱(1988)。大學女生桌球的技術評量研究,體育學報,10,49-55。
  4. 黃國義(1988)。抽?因子訓?法對桌球之自動期抽球技術的訓?效果之研究。台?:中華民國大專體育總會。
  5. 劉亞文(1982)。大學男生桌球運動能力測驗項目之編製研究。國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所集刊,第九輯,P.278。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾義強(2009)。表現與結果獲知回饋策略對輕度智障學生動作技能學習成效之影響。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-87。
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