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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鴻儒(2004)。EXCEL統計學應用學習實務。台北:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  2. 林上渝(2002)。我國高中校長辦學績效評鑑指標建構之研究 。國立台北師範學院碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 康雅菁(2001)。企業人力資源發展專業人員擔任內部顧問人員專業能力之研究。台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。未出版:台北。
  4. 廖培瑜(2001)。企業訓練數位學習成效評量之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  5. Chase, N. (1997). Raise your training ROI. Retrieved July 25,1999.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂佳勳(2008)。小學圖書館以Moodle平台實施主題式數位閱讀之研究---以台中縣吉峰國小為例。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2008。1-160。 
  2. 余柏欣(2007)。國中健康與體育領域課程中自尊和身體意象教學指標建構研究-專家學者部分。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系學位論文。2007。1-164。
  3. 林天貴(2009)。特教班「金錢與消費」電腦輔助教學教材設計 之研究—以台北縣中小學智能障礙學生為例。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-156。
  4. 張雅君(2009)。ISO 10015訓練品質管理系統應用於企業網路化訓練之探討。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。2009。1-292。
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