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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 181 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國社區教育學會(1999)。社區終身學習。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 石玉森(2004)。社區教育機構資源整合之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 司徒達賢(1999)。非營利組織的經營管理。台北:天下文化。
  4. 江銘書(2003)。學校社區化的策略規劃-一個國小校長的行動研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系在職專班碩士論文。
  5. 吳毓琦(1992)。教師工作壓力之探討。載于國教園地42期,頁21-25。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁筱梅(2007)。博物館推動社會藝術教育之研究?以國立歷史博物館為例?。臺灣師範大學社會教育與文化行政碩士學位在職專班學位論文。2007。1-198。
  2. 梁筱梅(2008)。博物館推動社會藝術教育之研究~以國立歷史博物館為例~。臺灣師範大學社會教育與文化行政碩士學位在職專班學位論文。2008。1-198。
  3. 張麗雀(2012)。都會區與鄉村區國小設置社區多功能學習中心角色與功能之比較研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-210。
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