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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 朱苑瑜(民89)。國中實習教師之教師信念改變與其影響因素之關係。國立中山大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄縣。
    2. 許志逸 (民89)。微試教與教學觀摩活動對物理職前教師教學觀念之影響。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,彰化市。
    3. 黃凱旻 (民91)。一個輔導中學數學實習教師教學概念轉變的行動研究。國立台灣師範大學數學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    4. Ambrose, R., Clement, L., Philipp, A., & Chauvot, J. (2004). School Science and Mathematics, 104, 1-17.
    5. Barab, S. A., Hay, K. E., Barnett, M., & Squire, K. (2001). Constructing virtual worlds: Tracing the historical development of learner practices. Cognition and Instruction, 19(1), 47-94.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳慧蓉(2009)。高中探究式化學實驗模組開發與實施之評鑑影響-實務型參與式評鑑之實徵性研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-273。
    2. 王麗君(2010)。三位特教老師的實習故事~實習對教師信念形塑的影響。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2010。1-155。
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