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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗雲(2001)。中文拼音政策的爭議與課程政治面向的反省。輯於課程與教學論壇:國立中正大學教育研究所編印。
  2. 方德信(2004)。國民中小學教師透過網路在職進修動機與學習成效。國立台北師範學院教育政策與管理研究所論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 郭媛玲(2003)。九年一貫台語課程試辦與實施之研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 施炳華(1996)。母語教學的基本認識。教師之友,39(3),1-6。
  5. 陳麗雲(2006)。閩南語教學理念的實踐。國立新竹教育大學語文學系碩士班論文,未出版,新竹。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張慶豐(2009)。臺北縣國民小學教師閩南語教學實施與教學效能之調查研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-159。 
  2. 廖輝煌(2010)。國小教師拼音教學ê適應度調查研究——以台羅拼音為例。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-237。
  3. 陳素年(2010)。台語融入國語文教學模式探究~以小一為例。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-220。
  4. 陳美智(2011)。客家語教學支援工作人員工作滿意與組織承諾之研究 ------以桃園縣為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-306。
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