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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱美虹. (2000):概念改變的省思與啟示. 科學教育學刊, 8(1), 1-34.
  2. 林靜雯. (2006):由概念演化觀點探究不同教科書教--學序列對不同心智模式學生電學學習之影響. 國立台灣師範大學, 台北市.
  3. 陳盈吉. (2004):探究動態類比對於科學概念學習與概念改變歷程之研究--以國二學生學習氣體粒子概念為例. 國立台灣師範大學, 台北市.
  4. 陳郡鳳. (2005):探討理想氣體動力論之建模教學對高一學生建構微觀氣體粒子運動心智模式的影響. 國立台灣師範大學, 台北市.
  5. Alles, D. L. (2005). The nature of evolution. The American Biology Teacher, 67(1), 7-10.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施宗翰(2007)。探究八年級學生對力持有的「意義」、「心智模式」與「內在一致性」。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-131。
  2. 簡于智(2007)。以p-prim探究學生學習『力與運動』的學習路徑。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-156。
  3. 江文瑋(2007)。探討高中生氧化還原心智模式及概念改變之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-209。
  4. 辛怡瑩(2008)。以概念演化樹探討跨年級學生對演化概念之發展。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-201。
  5. 蔡春風(2009)。透過建模與多重表徵教學探討高二學生的建模能力與概念改變-以空間概念為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-196。
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