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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王敏華(2005)。自然公園使用者休閒效益與休閒滿意度之研究--以台北市富陽公園為例。碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市。
  2. 李承穎(2004)。臺北地區大學生優酪乳消費行為之研究。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系,台北市。
  3. 余青忠(2003)。桃園縣中等學校田徑選手參與休閒活動現況之調查研究。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修專班,台北市。
  4. 林子文(2004)。金融機構女性消費者行為之研究-以銀行業為例。碩士論文,大同大學事業經營研究所,台北市。
  5. 林哲生(2003)。大台北地區網球運動消費者行為研究。未出版碩士?文,輔仁大學,台北市。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李怡萱(2013)。運用圍棋教學促進國中生邏輯推理與創造思考能力之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-108。 
  2. 陳熙文(2015)。台灣職業圍棋–神乎其技之路。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2015。1-68。 
  3. 張智鈞(2007)。電影院消費者消費者行為與休閒效益之研究─以台北威秀電影院為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-158。
  4. 熊鴻鈞(2009)。超級籃球聯賽現場觀眾消費行為意圖模式之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2009。1-190。
  5. 曹俊萳(2010)。網路圍棋參與者參與動機與休閒效益、網路圍棋成癮相關性之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-181。
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