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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王浩筑(2004)。領導者核心能力與人力資源發展策略之研究--以桃園縣政府消防局中高階主管為例。元智大學管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。桃園縣,未出版。
    2. 石新添(2006)。高階政風人員核心能力之研究-以北台灣地區簡任政風人員為例。國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程碩士論文。台北市,未出版。
    3. 吳正一(2005)。客服人員專業職能分析-以E銀行信用卡部為例。國立台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。台北市,未出版。
    4. 林明輝(2004)。高級中等學校校長核心能力之研究。國立彰化師範大學工業教育與技術學系碩士論文。彰化縣,未出版。
    5. 柯平順、林天祐(1996)。我國中小學校長主任培育制度之研究。台北:行政院教育改革委員會。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 曹信文(2010)。臺北縣國小教育人員對行政主管遴聘方式、績效表現及人格特質之意見調查研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-128。 
    2. 邱秀芬(2005)。台北市立高級工業職業學校行政人員對學校全面品質管理知覺情形之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2005。1-156。
    3. 黃桐良(2006)。臺北市國民中學行政管理之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-159。
    4. 陳韋伊(2008)。國民中學教師專業共同職能之探討。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-149。
    5. 陳玉潔(2010)。參與電腦職業訓練課程學員對自我導向學習、電腦態度及資訊素養之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-97。
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