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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山(2004) 學校創新經營理念與策略 教師天地(128):30-44。
  2. 徐崇城(2004) 問題本位學習教學模式對國二學生問題解決能力與合作學習之影響:中原大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 陳思利(2002) 環境行為相關因素之研究-以屏東縣國中學生為例 國立臺灣師範大學:衛生教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. Ajzen, I. (1985) From intentions to actions: a theory of planned behavior. In Kuhl, J. and Beckmam, J. (Eds), Action control: from cognition to behavior, p.11-39.
  5. Arvai, J.I., Campbell, E.A, Baird, A. and Rivers, L.(2004) Teaching students to make better decisions about the environment: Lessons from the decision sciences. The journal of environmental education, 36(1):33-44.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任素慧(2010)。理性與感性綠色廣告訴求對廣告效果之研究—以環境知識為干擾變數。淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-87。 
  2. 張振亨(2010)。臺北縣市職業學校學生環境保護態度之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-157。
  3. 柯傑仁(2011)。民眾之價值觀、社會規範、環境知識對綠色產品購買意願之影響-以環保電池為例。中央大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2011。1-111。
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