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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王甸國、簡錫新、黨志剛、崔海恩(2004)。〈從組織溝通角度探討危機溝通〉。《Crisis Management Society》,12,37-47。
    2. 吳宜蓁(2000)。〈危機溝通策略與媒體效能之模式建構─關於腸病毒風暴的個案研究〉,《新聞學研究》,62:1-34。
    3. 吳宜蓁(2004),〈SARS風暴的危機溝通與現階段宣導策略檢視:以台灣政府為例〉。《遠景基金會季刊》,5:107-150。
    4. 李美華譯(1998)。《社會科學研究方法》。台北:時英。(原書The practice of social research Earl Babbie 1975)。
    5. 柯惠新(2005),〈兩岸三地報紙災難事件報導研究─以台灣九二一地震為例〉。《新聞學研究》,85:71-109。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李雅琳(2010)。重大災難期間政府危機溝通策略之研究-以八八風災為例。臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所學位論文。2010。1-145。
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