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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑芬(2004)。國民中學戶外鄉土地理教學模式及其評量之行動研究。國立台灣師範大地理研究所碩士論文,台北。
  2. 余俊青(2003)。地理資訊系統融入高中地理教學之研究。國立台灣大學地理環境資源學研究所碩士論文,台北。
  3. 吳姈蓉(2005)。行動學習環境下的數學步道及互動解題討論系統之建置與應用。台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文,台北。
  4. 柯芝嫻(2005)。地圖教學對國小六年級兒童在鄉土地理學習成效之研究。國立台北教育大學社會教育學系碩士論文,台北。
  5. 邱名秀(2005)。地理資訊系統教學對國小四年級學童空間認知的影響。國立台北教育大學社會教育學系碩士論文,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昆璟(2007)。具形成性評量機制行動式英語字彙學習系統之研究。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。2007。1-173。
  2. 林子又(2009)。高中野外實察行動監控與評量平台設計。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2009。1-78。
  3. 林秀珍(2017)。特色選修課程發展之行動敘說-以資訊融入鄉土地理教學為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-112。
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