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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(2000)。中華民國八十九年老人狀況調查摘要分析,台北。
  2. 行政院衛生署(2002)。衛生報導季刊,109期。
  3. 曲天尚(2004)。更年期婦女的運動階段、身體活動與知覺運動利益和障礙之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 李蘭、陸玓玲、李隆安、黃美維、潘怜燕、鄧肖琳(1995)。台彎地區成人的健康行為探討,分布情形、因素結構和相關因素。中華公共衛生雜誌,14(4),358-367。
  5. 李碧霞(2001)。中年人運動階段、身體活動及其影響因素之研究∼以臺北市中山區居民為例。未發表博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾郁嫻(2011)。高齡女性生命歷程轉移與休閒性身體活動經驗之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-129。
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