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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 224 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文宜、周建智、彭慧君、葉仰道(2005)。啟發性遊戲課程對國小高年級學童人際關係之影響。體育學報,38(3),51-62。
  2. 余紫瑛(2000)。探索教育活動影響國中學生自我概念與人際關係之實驗研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學公民訓育研究所,台北市。
  3. 吳木崑(2004)。國小二年級綜合活動實施體驗學習之行動研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所,台北市。
  4. 呂建政(1994)。國民中學童軍教育課程研究。台北市:水牛。
  5. 李義男(2000)。探索教育之超越心理功能。國立台灣師範大學公民訓育學報,9,63-79。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳瑞珊(2007)。台北市國中生探索教育之相關生活經驗與教育需求研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2007。1-238。
  2. 王正宇(2009)。戶外教育效益機轉模式之應用研究-以臺北縣某國民中學隔宿露營為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2009。1-241。
  3. 鄭蕙芬(2010)。臺灣地區參與康樂輔導活動之國小教師人格特質與教學效能之相關研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-157。
  4. 王煜捷(2010)。外展體驗學習方案(ELOB)內涵及其在臺灣應用的可行性分析。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2010。1-156。
  5. 曹雅蒨(2014)。偏遠地區高中推動體驗式能源課程之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2014。1-129。
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