Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秉鈞主譯, Stephen P. Robbins 原著(1995)。管理學。台北:華泰書局。
  2. 王耀聰、王正松(2003)。不同項目選手知覺教練領導行為、團隊凝聚力與滿意度之相關研究。興大體育,第7期,頁143-154。
  3. 江麗玉(2001)。台灣地區女子體操選手知覺教練領導行為與選手績效表現關係之實證研究。國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 吳明隆(2006)。SPSS統計應用學習實務。台北:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  5. 吳慧卿(1998a)。運動組織衝突與因應策略初探。中華體育季刊,46 期,頁15-25。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柏森(2009)。慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力與社會支持之相關研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2009。1-223。
  2. 陳駿安(2009)。優秀高中籃球隊教練家長式領導行為與領導效能之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-143。
  3. 陳雅惠(2011)。國中學生參與體育嘉年華活動的集體效能對團隊凝聚力之相關研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-84。
  4. 林丹紅(2011)。視障馬拉松跑者與陪跑員之合作關係。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-195。
  5. 簡淑婕(2012)。高職學生參與定向越野流暢經驗與團隊凝聚力及身心健康關係研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-206。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :