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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王順美(2004)。社會變遷下的環境教育—綠色學校計畫。師大學報:教育類,49,p.159-170。
  2. 江中傑(2002)。國家公園解說人員網路學習課程需求探討。 國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 姜佩德 (2002)。網路互動程度與訊息涉入度對商業網站廣告效果的影響。 世新大學傳播研究所。
  4. 柯達(2004)。網路購物使用與滿足之研究。 世新大學傳播管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳怡錚(1999)。國中女教師生涯之研究。 國立臺灣師範大學公民訓育學系。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瓊烽(2007)。綠色學校實施成效與學校組織文化關係之研究-以台北縣國民小學為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-197。
  2. 郭維文(2010)。大專院校通識課程應用數位學習平台進行校園環境議題探索之研究。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-191。
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