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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明泉(1999)。概念形成學習策略在特殊教育上之應用分析。課程與教學,2卷,2期,115-129頁。
  2. 王鈺棠(2005)。科學概念認知結構探索。國立台灣師範大學物理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 吳穎沺(2003)。建構主義式的科學學習活動對國小高年級學生認知結構之影響。國立交通大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 張春興(1994)。教育心理學。台北市:台灣東華。
  5. 黃雅鈴(2004)。探究九年級學生在電腦模擬的不同環境中,概念學習與投入行為之研究─以力與運動為例。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡春桃(2010)。自我調整學習對七年級學生細胞另有概念之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-112。
  2. 呂蓓榮(2010)。高中生使用鷹架式空氣汙染建模軟體的建模實務之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-120。
  3. 林麗芬(2012)。鷹架式建模課程的設計與評估:以空氣品質複雜系統為例。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2012。1-248。
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