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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李驥(2001)。行動加值服務業者進軍大陸市場策略分析-以訊通國際YesMobile發展策略為例。元智大學資訊傳播學系碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  2. 李盛滿(2003)。影響顧客採用行動通信3G系統意願之關鍵因素分析。中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  3. 周靈山(2002a)。大學生觀賞運動競賽節目之動機與行為。大專體育,59,144-150。
  4. 周靈山(2002b)。大學生觀賞運動競賽的媒介使用動機、行為與評價研究--以第34屆世界盃棒球錦標賽為例。國立體育學院體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  5. 吳明隆(2005)。統計應用學習實務(第二版)。台北市:知城數位科技有限公司。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡(2008)。DVB-H手機電視在台灣行動通訊業的創新策略。清華大學高階主管經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-63。
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