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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王來旺、王貳瑞(2002)。工業管理。台北市:全華。
  2. 王偉琴、吳崇旗(2005)。科技掌控你的休閒生活嗎?從時間運用方式談科技與休閒的關係。大專體育,79,96-103。
  3. 行政院(2002)。挑戰2008國家發展重點計畫。台北市:作者。
  4. 林晏州(1984)遊憩者選擇遊憩區行為之研究。都市計劃,10,33-49。
  5. 高俊雄(2002)。運動休閒事業管理。台北:志軒。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖浩彬(2010)。外籍勞工休閒參與及休閒效益之研究-以印尼籍外勞為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-163。
  2. 簡俊哲(2013)。國營事業民營化員工休閒參與、工作壓力、身心健康與工作績效關係之研究─以中華電信公司為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-122。
  3. 林偉鈺(2016)。基層公務人員休閒參與之研究-以臺北市區公所為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-119。
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