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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林靜怡(民91)。創造力青少年期家庭教養環境之研究—以全國科展得獎國中生為例。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所,未出版。
  2. 周金城(民91)。以孔恩的常態科學探究高中科學社群中科學探索活動的歷程-參與科學展覽活動之得獎個案分析。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  3. 邱美虹、林秀蓁(民93)。以CHILDES分析一對一科學教學活動中師生互動共建科學知識的行為表現。科學教育學刊,12(2),133-158。
  4. 陳運正(民90)。在國小自然科教學中融入專題導向的科學學習活動-兩個個案之探討。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  5. 詹秀玉(民93)。科展表現優良師生之互動歷程分析。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士學位班,未出版。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃桂芝(2013)。運用擴增實境於科學探索情境設計之研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-116。
  2. 李文雅(2017)。國中國文課進行合作學習輔以認知師徒制之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-126。
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