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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳冠穎(2004)。他們是社會人嗎?—兩名啟智學校畢業青年的生活樣貌。國立台灣大學師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 易之新譯(2002)。疾病的希望-身心整合的療癒力量。臺北:心靈工坊。
  3. 蔡明富(2004)。國小教師與同儕對注意力缺陷過動症標記之知覺研究。特殊教育研究學刊,26,293-317。
  4. 蔡敏玲(2001)。教育質性研究報告的書寫。國立臺北師範學院學報,14,233-260。
  5. Beart, S. (2005). ‘I won’t think of meself as a learning disability. But I have’: Social identity and self-advocacy. British Journal of Learning Disability , 33, 128-131.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王子華(2013)。特殊教育標記對於高職輕度智能障礙學生的影響研究。臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所學位論文。2013。1-100。 
  2. 胡曼莉(2013)。智能障礙學生大學升學之路探究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-148。
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