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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石兆蓮(民90)。合作學習對兒童溝通表達能力影響之實驗研究。未出版博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  2. 吳裕益和侯雅齡(民89)。國小兒童自我概念量表—指導手冊。台北市:心理出版社。
  3. 林家屏(民91)。青少年自我概念與行為困擾之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學教育,台南市。
  4. 侯雅齡(民87)。國小兒童自我概念量表編制及其相關因素研究。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄師範大學,高雄市。
  5. 莊季靜(民95)。國中學生同儕攻擊者之社會訊息處理歷程研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇郁惠(2009)。遭受關係攻擊與青少年社會心理適應:以社會支持為調節變項。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-151。 
  2. 邱翊涵(2013)。國中學生關係攻擊、學校生活適應與生活痛苦指數之關係研究。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2013。1-92。 
  3. 王孜甯(2007)。「情境式關係攻擊量表」的發展—成年初顯期之關係攻擊。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2007。1-201。
  4. 林苡彤(2009)。國中生關係攻擊角色與規範信念、同理心、人際衝突因應策略之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-137。
  5. 粘絢雯(2009)。導師班級經營、班級氣氛與班級關係攻擊、關係受害情況之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2009。1-117。
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