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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美玲(2001)。兒歌在幼兒音樂課中的觀察與分析研究。國立臺灣師範大學音樂學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 林世娟(2001)。國小學童「科學態度」及「對科學的態度」之研究-以植物的生長教學活動為例。國立台北師範學院碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 陳龍安(1988)。創造思考教學的理論與實際。台北:心理出版社。
  4. 鄭湧涇、莊雪芳(2002)。國中學生對生物學的態度與相關變項之關係。科學教育學刊,10(1),1-20。
  5. Chomsky, N.(1981). Lectures on Government and Binding: the Pisa Lectures. Dordrecht: Foris.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳百興(2008)。八年級原住民學生在設計導向活動的科學學習:以族群認同、對科學的態度、力學概念與過程技能四面向進行探討。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-197。
  2. 林泰安(2009)。問題導向學習輔以網路合作模式應用於石門水庫集水區地理環境教育成效評量之研究。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-181。
  3. 蔡俊義(2011)。多重表徵理論在理化科教學成效之研究—以酸鹼鹽單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-186。
  4. 李映蓉(2012)。音樂教師使用流行音樂於教學之調查研究-以桃園縣公立國民中學為例。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-131。
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