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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳啟誠(2003)。台北市立國中生使用校內運動場地設施滿意調查研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  2. 趙政諭(2000)。公營與公辦民營職棒球場現場觀眾顧客滿意度之比較研究-以台北市立棒球場、台南市立棒球場為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  3. 劉碧華(1996)。大學學生使用校內運動設施及器材之滿意度調查研究。台北市:全壘打文化事業。
  4. 盧居福(1998)。台大學生網球選課需求型態及需求滿意度之研究。體育學報,26,57-64。
  5. 鍾志強(1997)。雲林科技大學學生選修體育運動相關課程積極滿意度之研究。體育學報,24,73-82。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂慧中(2007)。公園休閒遊憩者設施使用需求與滿意度之研究-以花蓮縣立運動公園為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-129。
  2. 潘沛彤(2007)。臺北地區桌球俱樂部服務品質與顧客滿意度關係之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-142。
  3. 徐振湖(2007)。棒壘球打擊練習場顧客消費行為及滿意度之研究--以大魯閣棒壘球打擊場為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2007。1-135。
  4. 杜殷瑢(2008)。臺南古蹟遊客旅遊動機、滿意度與認同度關係之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2008。1-151。
  5. 林偉智(2010)。國立臺灣大學綜合體育館服務品質、顧客滿意度與再購意願之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-135。
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