Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩怡(2006)。《當代臺灣國語語氣詞之研究──從核心語義和語用功能的角度探討》。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 林欽惠(2003)。《漢語句末助詞「啊」之教學語法初探》。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 陳懷萱(2004)。《漢語反問句的形式與意義分析》。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. 魏妙純(2006)。《漢語抱怨言語之母語和中介語對比分析──兼談美籍華語學生的第二語言教學》。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  5. Austin, J. L. (1975). How to do things with words (2nd edition). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳馥如(2007)。中級華語交際溝通會話課程之設計與實證。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2007。1-272。
  2. 洪芸琳(2008)。抱怨語境下的難點分析及教學應用-以日籍漢語學習者為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2008。1-153。
  3. 劉欣怡(2008)。漢語「好」的語義、篇章、語用分析及教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2008。1-205。
  4. 林慧敏(2009)。漢語副詞「卻」與「倒」之語義、篇章、語 用對比及其教學初探。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2009。1-219。
  5. 陳丕榮(2010)。外籍學習者漢語句末語氣助詞習得研究與教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-155。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :