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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 265 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文超順(2006)。台灣地區縣市國民中小學超額教師介聘之研究。學校行政,45,237-246。
  2. 林純雯(2001)。國民中學校長道德領導之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 周仁尹(2006,4月)。台灣精省後中小學校長培育政策工具之研究:以台北教育大學校長培育班為例。發表於澳門大學舉辦之「華人社會的教育發展學術研討會」,澳門。
  4. 洪如玉(2005)。理性或感性?Rorty人權思想與其對教育的啟示。師大學報:教育類,20(2),55-68。
  5. 姜禮讓(1985)。國民小學教育人員校際流動調查研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林俶敏(2007)。人本教育基金會管教論述之探究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2007。1-206。
  2. 黃鈴雯(2011)。友善校園人權環境評估指標運用之研究--以桃園縣國民中學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2011。1-250。
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