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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處(2004)《93年人力資源調查統計年報》。
  2. 李秀鳳(2000)《我國大學教育階段學費補助之研究》,國立臺灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 張紫庭(2004)《我國大學就學貸款制度執行之研究─以國立臺灣師範大學為例》,國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  4. 張清溪(1998)〈大學不應該調高學費〉《經濟前瞻》,第13卷第5期,頁22-35。
  5. 張雪梅(1997)(中美大學院校學生事務工作人力資源與出版研究之比較研究)《訓育研究》,第36卷第4期,頁46-62。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱羽瑄(2014)。我國大學學費政策及對弱勢學生助學措施之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-149。 
  2. 李艾妘(2009)。社會正義與高等教育學費政策─當代自由主義觀點。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-144。 
  3. 高誌傑(2007)。學校行銷策略對學生選校考量因素影響之研究─以基隆市私立高中職校為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-215。
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