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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂念慈(2003)。華語視訊遠距教學活動設計—以日籍學生為例。國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    2. 張靜儀(2005)。國小自然科教學個案研究-以ARCS動機模式解析。科學教育學刊,13(2),191-216。
    3. 許瑛玿、廖桂菁(2003)。情境式網路學習環境互動行為分析:以高中地球科學線上學習為例。師大學報 科學教育類,48(1),91-116。
    4. 陳耘彤(2005)。網路教學互動策略之發展─ 以小組討論、專家座談與角色扮演方法為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士論文。全國博碩士論文摘要,093TKU05620019。
    5. 楊玉麟(2005)。數位學習教學策略在學習成效上之研究。國立中央大學資訊管理學系在職專班碩士論文。全國博碩士論文資訊網,094NCU05396015。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃錫裕(2011)。探討同步與非同步化Facebook環境中科學本質融入科學新聞之研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-117。 
    2. 羅景瓊(2010)。網路同步腦力激盪環境下大學生思考風格與創造力之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2010。1-130。
    3. 蕭佩如(2010)。網路同步學習中智能與環境對大學生科技創造力的影響。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2010。1-128。
    4. 陳嘉斌(2010)。網路同步學習對不同學習風格學生科技概念學習之影響。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2010。1-85。
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