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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 石璋如與劉益昌,1987,大馬璘。中央研究院歷史語言研究所,專刊八十九。
    2. 李政益,2004,恆春半島東源谷地3000年來的沉積物孢粉分析。國立臺灣大學地質科學研究所碩士論文,共51頁。
    3. 林淑芬,2004,由孢粉記錄看宜蘭平原最近4200年來的自然環境演變及其與史前文化發展之關係。國立臺灣大學地質科學研究所博士論文,共189頁。
    4. 郭兆敏,1994,頭社盆地一萬餘年來湖泊沈積物之花粉分析。國立臺灣大學地質科學研究所碩士論文,共82頁。
    5. 陳鎮東,1994,海洋化學。國立編譯館主編,共551頁。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳歆穎(2015)。近代台灣湖泊沉積物紀錄與環境事件關聯之研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-91。 
    2. 黃致展(2011)。蘭陽溪流域系統千年來自然災變與淇武蘭文化空白之關聯。臺灣大學地質科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-80。 
    3. 謝耀陞(2015)。東源湖底泥沉積物中直鏈烷環境參數之分析研究。中正大學地球與環境科學系應用地球物理與環境科學研究所學位論文。2015。1-76。
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