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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 183 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁虹、司徒達賢、吳靜吉(1988)。企業文化與組織承諾之關係研究。管理評論,173-197。
  2. 王如哲(2002)。知識經濟與教育。台北市:五南。
  3. 王誕生、宋美妹(2001)。大專學生社團組織發展之研究。論文發表於東吳大學舉辦之「兩岸大專校院學生事務—社團輔導」學術研討會,台北市。
  4. 白崇亮(1986)。組織承諾研究:理論與實證。管理評論,5(2),30-51。
  5. 朱朝煌(2005)。大學生個人因素、個人經驗及校園環境知覺與能力感發展之關聯性研究:以成功大學為例。國立臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導研究所學生事務在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉日承(2014)。大學生社團參與與學習投入關係之研究-以淡江大學為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  2. 陳子千(2014)。高績效工作系統、心理依附與凝聚力之關聯性研究。長榮大學企業管理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-94。 
  3. 許雅雯(2008)。大學生社團經驗及其與就業力關係研究-以臺北縣市大學社團學生為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2008。1-271。
  4. 陳立芬(2009)。北區國立大學學務人員對直屬主管家長式領導知覺、主管忠誠、組織承諾及其關係之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-242。
  5. 周家榮(2009)。從國際「安全學校」認證觀點,精進校園安全危機管理之研究─以臺北縣某科技大學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-367。
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