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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 211 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑞玲(1986)。青少年心目中的父母教養方式。中央研究院民族學研究所專刊乙種,16,591- 628。
  2. 江玉娟(2004)。原住民部落少年社會生活適應量表之建構-以屏東縣少年為例。未出版碩士論文,高雄醫學大學,高雄市。 
  3. 江書良(2002)。臺北縣國中生休閒運動參與傾向與場地設施及休閒參與機會之關聯性研究。(碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,2002)。全國博碩士論文資訊網,090NTNU1567002。
  4. 吳盛揚(1997)。問題青少年心理之探討(續)。訓育研究,36(2),42-55。
  5. 李坤崇(1994)。國中學生學習適應及其相關因素之研究。臺南師院學報,27,75-94。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張慧貞(2017)。高中生休閒參與、復原力與學習適應關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-237。 
  2. 陳瑞珊(2007)。台北市國中生探索教育之相關生活經驗與教育需求研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2007。1-238。
  3. 葉盈蘭(2009)。高科技產業員工工作壓力、休閒參與與工作生活平衡之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-116。
  4. 張桂菁(2009)。高齡者休閒社會網絡之研究-以臺南縣西港鄉為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-191。
  5. 高靜慧(2010)。探討臺北市國小教師工作壓力休閒參與及焦慮程度相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-145。
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